the principal to act with the care, competence, and diligence normally. The duties of a principal to his agent are provided in sections 175 to 178. DUTIES OF AN AGENT 1) Agent's duty in conducting principal's business (Section 211) 2) Skill and diligence required from agent (Section 212) 3) Duty to render proper accounts (Section 213) 4) Duty to communicate with principal (Section 214) 5) Not to deal on his own Account (Section 215) 6) Not to make Secret Profits (Section 216) In real estate, a broker or a salesperson can be the agent of a seller or a buyer. Since the relationship between the principal and the agent is a contractual relationship. Duties of an Agent to his Principal.

Agency is a relationship between a principal and an agent in which the principal confers his or her rights on the agent to act on principal's behalf. (10 marks) b. 2)Skill and diligence required by an agent for conduct of business (Section 212) : The first one is the duty of fiduciary. The drafted deeds were retained until payment was made. DUTIES OF AN AGENT TO HIS PRINCIPAL Section 164 -178 1) To obey the Principal's instruction:Sec.164 - An agent must follow the instruction of the Principal. Not to willfully prevent or hinder the agent from earning his commission. (3) an agent must refrain from dealing with his principal as an adverse party or from acting on behalf of an adverse party; (4) an agent may not compete with his principal concerning the subject matter of the agency; and (5) an agent may not use the principal's property (including confidential information) for the agent's own purposes or a . 8.08 Duties of Care, Competence, and Diligence. 1.

Finally, when the agent's signature is merely a(n) , the agent does not need written authority to sign. He paid the agents pounds 100 by way of deposit. In the absence of additional fiduciary duties, a balance of power would be skewed strongly in favour of an agent whilst offering, if any, only contractual protection for a principal. Agent's Duty to Principal The agent owes the principal duties in two categories: the fiduciary duty and a set of general duties imposed by agency law. Loyalty means the agent must act in the best interest of the principal, and avoiding secret profits and other conflicts of interest. It is his/her duty to inform the principal of all offers made and particularly higher offers. there are certain duties that must be performed by both parties. (3rd parties include customers, vendors, and others who have dealth with the agent) 2. i) Right to Receive Remuneration The agent is entitled to receive an agreed remuneration or reasonable remuneration unless otherwise agreed upon. Agent exceeding his authority in an emergency (sec 189) Not in a position to communicate with the principal Taken necessary steps to protect the interests of principal Acted Bonafide Principal is liable for the acts of agent To protect or preserve The authority is implied because of necessity E. Care: The agent must use all of her . An agent is bound to render proper accounts to his principal on demand. Such a relationship is based on an agency contract.

Express means made in words, orally or in writing; implied means the agent has authority to perform acts incidental to or reasonably necessary to carrying out the transaction . [7] An agent has the authority to do whatever is needed for the fulfilment of his duties towards the Principal while staying in the legal ambit. Therefore, an agency by necessity can be created by three conditions where:- a) It is impossible to get the principal's instructions. [8] Illustration 3: A has employed B in . Likewise, when an agent acts in the of a principal, the rule does not apply. An agent has a right to claim his remuneration on completion of his work, even if the contract never materializes on account of breach. . This chapter describes the duties the agent owes to his principal, which fall into two broad categories. The plaintiff asked the defendant estate agents to find a purchaser for his property at a price of pounds 2,500 and if one such was found the agents' fee would be pounds 50. 5. 4.Duty to communicate (Sec.214) It is the duty of an agent, in cases of difficulty, to use all reasonable diligence in communicating . Duties of Agents: Following are the duties of the agent: It is the duty of an agent to execute the mandate of his principal. This chapter discusses the legal relationships that exist between the principal and agent, and, in particular, focuses on the duties that each party owes to the other. On the other hand, however, equity also wields . Duty to Render Accounts (S. 213): An agent is bound to render proper accounts to his principal on demand. An agent who purports to make a contract on behalf of a principal, but who in fact has no authority to do so, is liable to the other party. a) Architect's Fee: SACAP proposes no fee scale for the principal agent but advises only that: '[W]here the architectural professional is not the principal agent, a reduction of the fee for the work not exceeding 10% of the fee for [work] stages 5 and 6 can be considered.' 10% of the Architect's fee for these work stages based on a . But these general duties are not unique to agency law; they are duties owed by any employee to the employer. An agent's wide powers are the main reason why, apart from contractual duties , an agent owes his principal fiduciary duties and 'single-minded loyalty' . A purchaser, one Clutterbuck, at pounds 2,100 was found. De Bussche v. Alt 1878 19 Right of Lien - Looked after an estate where the party was bankrupt. This chapter describes the duties the agent owes to his principal, which fall into two broad categories. Wherever it becomes essential because of some emergency Whatever amount the agent received on behalf the principal must be paid to the principal . An agent has a duty to act in accordance with the express and. The principal owes the agent duties too. Agent exceeding his authority in an emergency (sec 189) Not in a position to communicate with the principal Taken necessary steps to protect the interests of principal Acted Bonafide Principal is liable for the acts of agent To protect or preserve The authority is implied because of necessity E. Duties of an agent is/are _____. Narandas Morardas Gajiwala v SPAM Papammal : agent can sue for accounts too when all accounts are under principal. The old cases of Master and Servant are therefore in one portion of the field of Agency valuable and illuminating, and are equally valuable to illustrate either relation; but they deal to a . The duties owed by an agent to his principal have been classified into two very wide categories, those that arise from the contract between the two parties, and those that arise in equity, which has a strong influence over the duties of agents. (a) A, an agent engaged in carrying business in which it's the custom to invest from time to time, at interest, the money which may be in hand, on its to form such investments. The Court concluded that an agent "cannot make profits out of his principal in the business of his agency." Along these same lines, our Commonwealth Court in Smith v. Unemployment Compensation Bd. The agency relationship is a fiduciary relationship based upon trust, and each party owes the other the duty to act with the utmost good faith. Likewise principal also has certain duties such as payment of agent, indemnification of agent. Once delegation is important for correct and economic performance. According to Section 182, of the said Act, an agent is a person employed to act on behalf of a person, namely principal and represents him in dealing with the third person. Wherever it's the custom or usage of trade to delegate. The 10 Obligations of an Agent An agent who is acting without any form of payment must show the same standard of care as if he/she was dealing with their own affairs. B buys goods in the name of A for A's shop. 0.93%. De Bussche v. Alt 1878 19 Right of Lien - Looked after an estate where the party was bankrupt. Subject to any agreement with the principal, an agent has a duty to. An agent's wide powers are the main reason why, apart from contractual duties , an agent owes his principal fiduciary duties and 'single-minded loyalty' . Fiduciary Duty List the duties an agent owes to the principal - i) To obey the instructions of the principal. 8.08 Duties of Care, Competence, and Diligence. the principal to act with the care, competence, and diligence normally. 241. Duty to indemnify Liabilities of principal to third parties for the acts of agent. The Principal is bound to indemnify the agent against any act done by him in good faith, even if it ended up violating the rights of third . of Review (1977) confirmed that certain duties are imposed by the law of agency upon the employer-employee, or 'master-servant,' relationship .

Agency relationship, as a whole, is based essentially on the trust reposed on the agent by the principal. The duties of agents are: As per section 211, an agent shall act within the scope of authority that his principal confers upon him. Module 4: Agency and Employment Law. In the next place, as to the defences of agents against their principals. View solution > When the principal and his name are disclosed to third parties, act of agent are acts of principal. 1. Abstract. The duties of the agent become the right of the principal. That is, the agent must exercise reasonable care and skill in the matter. After that, we look at a series of laws that provide workers with various rights, including .

The main duties are:-To pay the agent the commission or other agreed remuneration unless the agency relationship is gratuitous. A must make compensation to his principal in respect of any loss thereby sustained. The equal dignity rule has several exceptions. - An agent only has to follow the instruction if it is lawful. Duty to render account (Sec.213) It is the duty of an agent to keep proper accounts of his principal's money or property and render them to him on demand, or periodically if so provided in the agreement. Duty of Loyalty. Principal has a duty to notify 3rd parties about the termination in order to halt the agent's authority. Whenever an agent violates his duties and obligations to his principal, and loss accrues, either directly or indirectly, as a consequence of his neglect or misconduct, he will be liable to his principal. Definition: An agent is a person who represents an insurance firm and sells insurance policies on its behalf. In any case, once a principal engages an agent, the principal owes four main duties to that agent. The Principal has 4 duties towards the Agent: The Principal is bound to indemnify the agent against any lawful acts done by him in the exercise of his authority as an agent. According to Section 219, this rule is subject to any special contract between the principal and the agent. In the absence of additional fiduciary duties, a balance of power would be skewed strongly in favour of an agent whilst offering, if any, only contractual protection for a principal. There are certain duties of agents such as execution of instructions, exercise of skill and care, act in good faith etc. ii) To exercise due care and . If the agent is being paid then the standard of diligence expected is even higher. To indemnify and reimburse the agent for acts done in the exercise . For the reason stated in sub-paragraph (a), an agent has a duty to keep proper accounts of the property received by him in the course of the agency and to render such account to the principal on request. The person for whom such act is done, or who is so represented, is called the "principal". Thus, if an agent should knowingly deposit goods in an improper place, and they should be destroyed there by fire, he would be responsible for . The agent must pay his principal all sums received on his behalf . Right of Retainer (Section 217). b) The agent action is necessary to prevent loss to the principal. This duty requires the broker to always act in the best interest of the principal. Duty to reimburse 4. According to section 171 of contract act 1950 [19] , "Subject to the deductions specified in section 170 , the agent is bound to pay his principal all sums received on his account" . To act on behalf of the principal on the termination of an agency or upon the death of the principal. Duty to compensate 3. An agency creates when a person delegates his or her authority to another person. An agent has a duty to act in accordance with the express and. Related to Duties and obligations of the Principal. Right to Remuneration (Section 219 & 220). Cannot keep the principal in darkness. To obey principal's instruction; To exercise care and diligence in carrying out his work and use such skill as he possesses; To render proper accounts when required; To pay to his principal all sum received on hi behalf An example of a breach of this duty . i. Duties of a Principal to an Agent - Explained Compensation, Reimbursement, and Indemnification Written by Jason Gordon Updated at September 24th, 2021 Marketing, Advertising, Sales & PR Accounting, Taxation, and Reporting Professionalism & Career Development Law, Transactions, & Risk Management Business Management & Operations 1. A must handover to B the interest usually obtained by such investments. A, an agent for the sale of goods having an authority to sell on credit, sells to B on credit without making proper and usual enquiries as to the solvency of B. Rights, Duties and Liabilities of Agent and Principal. Without limiting the generality of the foregoing, (a) the Administrative Agent shall not be subject to any fiduciary or other implied duties, regardless of whether a Default has occurred and is . Explain FIVE (5) ways in which a contract of agency may be created. The contract duties are to warn the agent of hazards associated with the job, to avoid interfering with the agent's performance of his job, to render accounts of money due the agent, and to indemnify the agent for business expenses according to . If agent does not follow, it is a breach of agency contract. ( SEC 212) 8. On the one hand, because the majority of agencies will arise out of a contract between principal and agent, the latter will owe well recognized duties at common lawmost notably, a duty to perform the mandate with reasonable skill and care. Once the principal permits delegation. DUTIES OF AN AGENT Duty to conduct principal's business according to his instructions or directions. It is when a person appoints them to do any specific job in the specified areas of work. Rights of Agent and Duties of Principal Right to remuneration: An agent is entitled to remuneration for the work of agency done by him, but an agent's remuneration does not become due until the completion of the act assigned to him. This is closely related to the law of trusts as the agent is expected to follow the principal's instructions with honesty and integrity and to manage the business of the agency carefully with the skills he acquires to avoid . For example, an executive officer of a corporation can conduct business transactions without written authority.

Duty to pay remuneration 2. Explain FIVE (5) duties of an agent to his principal. Duties of principal towards agent 1. 3.2 Duties of a Principal to His Agent 3.2.1 To pay the Agent commission and other remuneration agreed The commission should be paid upon the completion of all contractual duties of the agent. The principal is liable on an agent's contract only if the agent was authorized by the principal to make the contract. Subject to any agreement with the principal, an agent has a duty to. The entire range of agent's duties are subject to the need of due care and skill. This means that the agent must subordinate his interests to those of the principal if they fall within the agency relationship. 37 Failure to communicate a higher offer before contract is liable to the vendor for the difference. Medium. Here's a list of the fiduciary duties that an agent owes her client: Accounting: The agent must account for all funds entrusted to her and not commingle (combine) client/customer funds with her personal and/or business funds. Which of the following is NOT a duty the agent owes the principal? As an agent, Ian is bound to comply several duties towards his principal, Sarah. Duty of loyalty: An agent owes his principal a general duty of loyalty. 3. In particular, Section 135 states that an "agent" is a person employed to do any act for another or to represent another in dealings with third persons. (10 marks) Question: a. 12. It is the duty of an agent to take reasonable care of the property of the principal and not to destroy the sale. Subject to any such express terms the agent owes a number of implied duties or obligations to his principal.It is the agency relationship as such that gives rise to these obligations so that as a general rule they fall as much on the gratuitous agent as on the paid .

The duties imposed on an agent were succinctly summarised in Armstrong v. Also, he shall strictly follow the directions of his principal. To communicate with the principal Section 167 states, In cases of difficulty, an agent must use all reasonable diligence in communicating with and in seeking to obtain instructions from the principal. The paper covers the following rights and duties of the Agent: Rights under the Indian Contract Act. Therefore, an associate agent cannot appoint a sub-agent. THE DUTIES OF THE AGENTS TO PRINCIPAL The duties of an agent depend primarily on the contract of agency if there is one. This topic is defined under the Indian Contract Act, 1872. However, the subsequent exceptions to the current principle: 1. Duty of an agent is list down from s 164 to s 178 of the Contract Act 1950. The establishment of principal-agent relationship confers rights and the duties on both parties. Principal's duties to Agent. On the one hand, because the majority of agencies will arise out of a contract between principal and agent, the latter will owe well recognized duties at common lawmost notably, a duty to perform the mandate with reasonable skill and care. Medium.

This includes all interests . If an agent conform to all his duties, as stated in the foregoing pages, he will not be responsible to his principal for any losses accruing from his agency.3 So, also, although he do not exactly comply with his instructions, yet if his deviations therefrom be justified by the necessity of the case; as where a . i. Agents are required to act up to the following duties and standards: 1. Any action of his must not be illegal during discharge of his duties. ( SEC 209) Agent's duty to carry on the work with reasonable care ,skill and diligence. This is one of the most important responsibilities of the agent. Acts of an agent within the scope of his authority bind to principal 2. 1. 5. Principals develop standardized curricula, assess teaching methods, monitor student achievement, encourage parent involvement, revise policies and procedures, administer the budget, hire and evaluate staff and oversee facilities. This is set out in the Contracts Act 1950 in Part X under the heading of Agency.